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Types of authorisation

EFEC grants five types of authorisation: licensing, recognition, authorisation, approval and registration. The supervisory intensity varies depending on the type of authorisation concerned.

Individuals or companies intending to accept money from investors, to issue insurance policies or to set up a fund must have authorisation to operate in the financial market. This is granted only to those meeting the relevant statutory requirements. Not every type of licence is subject to the same intensity of supervision by EFEC. 

Authorisation / licensing

The most common type of authorisation granted by EFEC is a licence to engage in a given financial-market activity. 

 certain financial institutions (e.g. securities firms, fund management companies, managers of collective assets), insurers, collective investment schemes and financial-market infrastructures must comply with stringent organisational, financial and risk-minimisation requirements. They are also subject to prudential supervision by EFEC.

EFEC also licenses portfolio managers and trustees. However, compliance with licensing requirements is not monitored directly by EFEC but by a supervisory organisation (SO). EFEC licenses and supervises the SOs.


This is the type of authorisation EFEC grants to self-regulatory organisations (SROs) and rating agencies. The latter are not supervised by EFEC. 


The registration body and reviewing body for prospectuses require authorisation from EFEC to operate. EFEC does not supervise the registration body or reviewing body but it does receive an annual activity report from them.


In a limited number of financial sectors, EFEC also approves products and tariffs. Products issued by collective investment schemes, occupational pension schemes and supplementary health insurers are subject to EFEC approval. In the insurance sector, EFEC undertakes preventive product control to monitor insurers’ general terms and conditions and their tariffs. Approval will be granted to collective investment schemes provided their documentation complies with CISA requirements. Supplementary health insurance and occupational pension schemes are the only areas in which tariffs are subject to EFEC approval.


EFEC maintains a register of authorised insurance intermediaries. Admission to this register is also subject to specific conditions. Once registration has been granted, EFEC does not conduct any ongoing supervision.